Road user charge
Depending on the underlying political objective, different types of charges road users need to pay are typically differentiated:
- Tolls: charges used to finance the construction and maintenance of the infrastructure the vehicle is using.
- Road user charge: charges used to finance the construction and maintenance of infrastructure in a region/nation. Often discussed as a kilometre charge (Europe) or mileage based user fee (MBUF) in the US.
- Congestion charge: charges users to internalise the external costs of (car) traffic.
- Cordon charge: special case of congestion charge where the charges are levied in a closer ring around an area and vehicles are charged per passage
Area charge: special case of a congestion charge where the charges are levied for vehicle being inside a predefined area for a predefined time (like a charge per day).